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                                 Carpet weaving in provinces 
           
 
 
 
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Kashan rugs

In the city of Kashan the record of weaving brocade and velvet textiles as well as gold- embroidered materials and fine-knotted rugs goes back to the era of the Safavid dynasty. At that time, each piece, in its own range, for the talent performed in dyeing and weaving was a formidable example of craftsmanship. In those days carpet weaving in Kashan reached its highest peak and the talented artists left many valuable samples of their masterpieces of which a certain number ornate the famous museums of the world. One of these is the famous "hunting scene" carpet, which one can admire in the museum if Vienna.

The highest degree in the art of weaving, dyeing and designing carpets in the world is also reflected in the gold-embroidered "Polonaise" carpets.

After this period of splendour, the art of carpet and textile weaving in both Kashan and the other areas began to decline.

Kashan produced carpets of the highest artistic craftsmanship over several centuries, especially those which were produced many years ago, are so beautiful and desirable that many carpet lovers ardently wish to possess one of them.

Not long ago most of the Kashan rugs were woven with Merinos wool, but because of its high cost, the usage of it was limited. At present the wool needed in Kashan and its dependencies is provided from internal sources such as Khorasan, Kermanshahan and Tehran. Formerly "Kork" and fine silk carpets were produced in Kashan but nowadays Ghom is the leader in producing carpets of this category.

Fast-coloured, double-weft and Senneh knotted rugs and carpets most often have lacquer-red, dark blue, turquoise blue, off-white beige, brown and pistachio green background.

All formats, especially from about 1,5 x 2-20 m. up the large sizes common. Runners are relatively rare.

Shah-Abbasi medallion and corner, overall Shah-Abbasi, Overall vases, Candelabra medallion, tree with Mehrab, portrait, panorama and geometrical Josheghan designs are those mostly woven in Kashari. Warps and wefts are of finely spun cotton. The carpets are dense; the quality is fine to very fine (up to 1.000.000 knots per sq. rn).

Different kinds of carpets and rugs resembling those of Kashan are woven in the dependencies and the villages such as Nush-Abad, Aran, Fin, Natanz, Ghamsar and Ravand. Admist these, the most popular are those of Natanz and Ghamsar.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     
 

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