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       Classification of Iranian Carpet

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   It’s impossible to ascertain with any degree of certainty the weaving centre in Iran to which a particular carpet belongs. Innumerable small villages, a wide variety of nomadic tribes and now several centres of carpet weaving have emerged which makes it difficult to establish with any certainty the origin of a carpet.

   Although the division between the village nomadic tribe based weaving and urban cultures has been dismissed in recent years, more established weaving groups in the weaving centres, retain their traditional allegiance to particular designs.

   The classification of Persian carpets and their connection to one region depends on the form of designs, the kind of colour, wool and knots, the size, the thickness of the pile, the quantity of weft (pood), the number of knots and many other particulars, which only the connoisseurs are able to know and distinguish.

   Sometimes the name of a carpet is derived from the place were the transaction was made which is completely erroneous. For instance, the carpets actually woven in Hamedan or Kordestan are popularly known as Musel (a city in Iraq).

   Generally the Persian carpets are divided into two broad groups: Tribal Carpets and Rural or Urban Carpets.

Tribal Carpets

   Tribal carpets are small in size, woven in a very short period of 3 o 4 months and in the form of a rug and runner. The tribal looms are made horizontally, easy to dismantle and pack to be loaded on horses, camels and other load carrying animals, with speed and ease.

   The rugs are thick and woven in natural, sharp and bright colours. The knots are generally Ghiordes and sometimes Senneh.

   The nomads often prefer geometrical designs, which they themselves create. Evidence also is the use of heraldic emblems or tribal coats-of-arm and even motifs.

Rural and urban carpets

   The vast majority of Persian Carpets are made in the rural and urban centres where looms are positioned permanently. The carpets woven in the village workshops are generally thick and those woven in the urban centres are very fine.

   Skilled artisans produce several beautiful carpets and designs in their private workshops; and sometimes in government run carpet centres.

Subdivision according to size

Persian carpets are generally woven in the following standard size.

Description

Persian version

Approximate size in cm.

Very small rug

Poshti or Padari

60 x 90

Small rug

Zar-o-charak

80 x 130

Small rug

Zar-o-nim

100 x 150

Medium/small

Musel

100 x 200

Medium rug

Sajjadeh or Do-zar

150 x 210

Large rug

Pardeh

150 x250

Small carpets

Ghali

200 x 300

Medium carpets

Ghali

270 x 370

Large carpets

Ghali

300 x 400

Short runner

Kharak

70 x 180

Long runner

Kenareh

70-110x280- 1600

Wide runner

Kalleghi

120-180x250-500

   Besides these measurements square carpets are made also in Several workshops of Iran in a different dimension, and rarely are round carpets made in Tabriz, Esfahan and Na’in workshops.

Sometimes one can find some huge, fine and exceptional carpets. Here below we mention two of them which were finished recently.The first one is a very big carpet, (m. 35 x 20.70).The carpet was created by 52 weavers in the city of Na’in in 30 months under the supervision of Master Reza Zayandeh. The design which is the inspiration of the designer Akbar Zarrin Naghsh, represents the hunting scenery on the beige background of the carpet.

The centre of the carpet is decorated by the Lay-out of Shekh Lotf-ollah mosque. Another huge carpet which is considered as the biggest carpet made to date in all the world is a touch-silk carpet which a total surface of 1240 (m.40x31) and 500 million knots. This masterpieces was made by 40 skilful weavers in 4 years work in Najaf-Abad (Esfahan).

 

 
Separator divides deferent kinds of Persian carpet and rug based on their region
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